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What is a Scholarship & How do Scholarships Work

How do Scholarships Work

Scholarships serve a variety of purposes. How do Scholarships work? Some scholarships, like the National Merit Scholarship, reward academic excellence; other scholarships, such as those awarded to students with financial need or belonging to specific under-represented groups, aim to increase the number of underrepresented groups attending college; others still reward students who excel in athletics or the fine arts.


Scholarships vary in size. Depending on the scholarship requirements and the scholarship provider, a scholarship can range from several hundred dollars to a full ride that covers all tuition expenses.


There is no limit on the total amount of money you can receive from scholarships and grants. 


Scholarships are usually awarded based on merit (academic excellence), but some scholarships are also available for students with demonstrated financial need.


If a scholarship provider asks for an application fee, it’s probably not worth your time and effort to pursue that particular opportunity.


What is a Scholarship?

A scholarship is an award of money or other benefits given by an organization or individual in order to help students pay for school expenses, like tuition and housing. 


The funds are typically used during the student’s undergraduate years, although some scholarships are available at the graduate level, too. 


Scholarships are often awarded on merit and achievement, but may also be awarded on financial need or academic performance and leadership skills.


Why is a Scholarship Important?


  • Scholarships are one of the best ways to help you get into your dream school. They are also an excellent way to fund your education, especially if you have been denied financial aid from other sources.
  • Scholarships can cover all or part of your tuition and fees, allowing you to avoid taking out loans. 
  • A scholarship is a type of financial aid used to help students pay for college. Scholarships are often awarded based on academic merit, but they can also be based on leadership skills, athletic ability and other factors.
  • Scholarships are especially important for low-income students who might not otherwise be able to afford college. They can come in the form of loans or grants, which are generally paid back as part of the student’s income tax filings after graduation.
  • Scholarships are awarded to students who excel in academics, community service, and leadership. They are an important way to help low-income students afford college tuition. You can also find scholarships for minorities, children of military personnel, or those who have overcome significant hardships.


Types of Scholarships.


There are many types of scholarships available to students. The type you’re looking for will depend on a number of factors, including the school you’re applying to, the major that you want to study, and your financial situation.

 For example, students may be admitted based on their academic performance or extracurricular activities.  


Merit scholarships can be awarded by universities, colleges, corporations, or other organizations as well as by governments or private groups. 


Need-based Scholarships

Need-based scholarships are generally available to those with financial needs. Students without sufficient resources to cover college costs should look into these awards, especially if they qualify for federal aid under the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).


Academic Scholarships

Academic scholarships provide partial or full tuition assistance based on academic merit or special circumstances. They are awarded by colleges or universities and are typically competitive and highly competitive.



Fellowships are awarded to individuals who have demonstrated exceptional academic achievement and promise as well as leadership potential. They’re usually given for a specific amount of time, as opposed to being renewable over time.


Specific Scholarships

As well as fellowships, many organizations offer specific scholarships where applicants must meet a range of criteria such as nationality, gender, religion, political affiliation, race, time, and special needs such as disabilities or specific medical histories. 


For instance, the David Herzog Fund provides scholarships, especially for Jewish students. Female students from Southern African countries can receive postgraduate scholarships through the Graça Machel Scholarships Programme, however.


Who Offers Scholarships?

Scholarship programs are sometimes funded by schools, organizations, or individuals. 

Some scholarships are offered based on academic achievements, such as grades and test scores; others may be based on an applicant’s extracurricular activities or community service. 


Other scholarships are awarded for specific fields of study or types of careers.

Scholarships can be used to pay for school tuition, housing and living expenses, books and supplies, and other fees related to your education.


What are the General Scholarships Eligibility Requirements?

To be eligible for general scholarships, you must:


  • Be enrolled as an undergraduate student at a post-secondary institution.
  • Be able to meet the academic requirement needed for such a scholarship.
  • Have a cumulative GPA of at least 2.5 on a 4.0 scale (or its equivalent).
  • Demonstrate financial need, as determined by your school, or show that you come from an economically disadvantaged family (come from low-income background) Demonstrate a commitment to community service and volunteerism.
  • May not have been convicted of any felony offenses other than minor traffic violations, such as speeding tickets in the last five years. 


How Can I Find Scholarships?


Scholarships are one of the best and easiest ways to help fund your education, but they can also be difficult to find. 


But how do you find scholarships? There are several ways:


  • The first place you should start looking for scholarships is at your school counselor’s office. They might have information on scholarships that are specifically for students from your school or area. 
  • Search online: If you’re just starting out, start by searching for scholarships to find specific ones based on your area of interest (e.g., financial aid) or career goals (e.g., medical school).
  • Contact schools: Most universities have websites that list all their scholarship opportunities as well as links to their financial aid offices, where you can apply for them. The key is to know what schools offer which types of financial assistance and then contact those schools directly to see if they offer any scholarships for your student(s).
  • Talk to people.
  •  Ask older students, who may have received scholarships in their college years

How do I Apply for Scholarships?


Scholarship applications are generally pretty straightforward. You’ll need to answer questions about your academic experience, extracurricular activities, and anything else they ask you. 


Scholarship applications typically require an essay, transcripts, and sometimes letters of recommendation. You can apply for scholarships by completing the applications on the websites of individual organizations. 


You may also need to provide proof that you are eligible for the scholarship.


Tips for Winning a Scholarship


  • Know what you’re applying for! Read the description and make sure you meet all the requirements  
  • Proofread your application! One typo can be the difference between winning or losing a scholarship.
  • Take advantage of any interview opportunities.
  • Follow up! If you don’t hear back from them, call them to follow up.
  • Keep trying! If you don’t win, try again next year.
  • Keep your grades up.
  • Take ACT or SAT test and apply for all scholarships you are eligible for.
  • Be prepared to write an essay about who you are and why you deserve the scholarship money.


How do Scholarships Work; FAQS


A; A fully funded scholarship is one in which the student does not have to pay for tuition, books, room, board, or other fees. To receive a fully funded scholarship, you will typically need to fill out an application and send in several essays. The best way to find fully funded scholarships that are perfect for you is to research them online.   our site is always uploading scholarship opportunities for you.


Q: What GPA do I need to get a scholarship?

A; A 3.0 average is one of the most common grade point average requirements. (Once again, each scholarship provider is unique, and it is up to them to determine eligibility criteria, not us.) While some scholarships are based solely on a student’s GPA, the majority are not.


Q; Do scholarships need to be repaid?

A; A scholarship is a monetary award or other type of financial aid given to a student based on merit or need. Scholarships, unlike federal student loans and other loans, do not have to be repaid, making them a much more viable option for graduate and undergraduate students.


How do Scholarships Work; Conclusion


Scholarships can be a great way to help alleviate the financial burden of paying for college.


Scholarship money can be used to help pay for tuition, books, room and board, school supplies, and other educational expenses. 


If you are eligible for one, then it may be worth applying for one. You never know what you might find!


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Written by Precious Presh

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